Ensure Accessibility


General accessibility

  • Applied graphic design principles

One-Three-Twenty-Five (1:3:25) principle: ensuring that research findings

  • 1:3:25 refers to a format that can be used to provide a consistent structure for final reports of any kind.  The option allows for a one page outline of the main messages that have come from the research, a three page executive summary and 25 pages to present the findings and methodology used in a language that is clear and accessible to the non-research specialist.
  • The main messages contained in the first page should not be a summary of the findings but rather the key points that decision makers can take from the research. The three page executive summary presents the findings succinctly in order to facilitate easy access for those who may not have time to read the full report. This should not include any discussion of research methodology other than to outline the actual methods used.  Finally, the 25 page report is used to cover the background to the research, the questions addressed, and an outline of the methodology, the findings and conclusions.


  • Plain language:Plain English is a clear and concise writing style that ensures accessibility to the information for all stakeholders.
  • Chart junk elimination:Removing visual elements that don’t contribute to the main message.
  • Descriptive chart titles:Particularly when graphs must standalone, without the assistance of the evaluation to help interpret them, descriptive subtitles in the chart can point out the key take away points for the reader.
  • Emphasis techniques:Visual techniques to draw attention to certain bits of information.
  • Headings as summary statements:Engage readers through making headings of the report summary statements.

Specific accessibility barriers

Low vision and blind audience: Vision impairments which make reading documents difficult or impossible.